Endocrine Signs and Symptoms


Endocrine diagnoses can be made by the CBA's:

clincial suspicion, biochemical confirmation, and anatomical localization


Goitre Formation

Goitres can form with both hypothyroidism and hyperhyroidism.

The thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins that cause hyperthyroidism also induce proliferation in the thyroid gland, producing a goitre.

In hypothyroidism, increased TSH release causes an increase in colloid and hypertrophy of the gland.



insulin resistance



overweight and obesity